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Eponyms with Urological Connections



ABERCROMBIE (Abercrombie "snatch")

George Forbes Abercrombie (1935 - 2017) was born in Edinburgh. He trained at St Bartholomew’s Hospital in London. He was the first solely urological Consultant appointment at St Mary’s Hospital in Portsmouth, and was President of the Section of Urology of the RSM in 1993. Forbes Abercrombie described the so-called "rip and pluck" method for nephroureterectomy, also known as the Abercrombie snatch. Endoscopic detachment of the distal ureter from the bladder avoided a second low abdominal incision.  Abercrombie GF, Eardley I, Payne SR, et al. Modified nephroureterectomy. Br J Urol 1988; 61: 198 – 200 ... read the article

ALBARRAN (Albarran lever)

Joaquin Maria Albarran y Dominguez (1860-1912) was born in Cuba but worked in Paris. He modified a device originally designed by Armand Imbert, still used today, and known as the Albarran lever ... more about Albarran on this site

ALCOCK (Alcock's canal)

Canal for the internal pudendal vessels and nerve in the ischiorectal fossa. Benjamin Alcock was the first Professor of Anatomy and Physiology at Queen's College Cork. Alcock held his Chair in Cork for only a few years. His professorship was eventful and turbulent; finally, due to a number of disputes, he was forced to resign in 1854 ... more information on Wikipedia

ALPORT (Alport's syndrome)

Arthur Cecil Alport MD (1880 – 1959) was a South African physician who first identified Alport's syndrome in a British family in 1927. The syndrome is an X-linked, hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness, haematuria and a family history of males progressing to end stage renal disease ... more biographical information

AMPLATZ (Amplatz dilators & sheaths)

Kurt Anton Amplatz (1924 - 2019) was an Austrian radiologist and medical device inventor who spent most of his working life in the USA. As well as designing sheaths and dilators for percutaneous renal surgery, he also invented an occluder which could be inserted by percutaneous vascular manipulation to block an persistent atrial septal defect (ASD)  ... more information on Wikipedia

ANDERSON (Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty)

James C Anderson (1899 - 1984) was a Consultant Urologist in Sheffield. Wilfred Hynes (1903 - 1991) was a Consultant Plastic Surgeon, also in Sheffield. Hynes devised a plastic procedure designed, originally, to correct a retrocaval ureter. The pelviureteric junction was divided (dismembered), moved in front of any aberrant vessels and reconstructed. The procedure subsequently became the standard open procedure for treating PUJ obstruction ... more in Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online

AVICENNA (Avicenna's Canon)

Avicenna (980-1037) wrote the "Canon of Medicine" which combined the ideas of Hippocrates, Galen and the Muslims with contemporary medical practice ... more in the Junior Curator's Stamp Collection

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BADENOCH (Badenoch "Pull-Through" Urethroplasty)

Alec Badenoch (1903 – 1991) was born in Banff, Scotland. He trained in Aberdeen. He was a Consultant at St Bartholomew’s and St Peter’s. He devised a pull-through urethroplasty technique for severe urethral strictures ... more in Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online

BARTHOLIN (Bartholin’s Cyst)

Caspar Bartholin the Younger (1655 – 1738) was a Danish anatomist and physician. He was professor of anatomy and physic at Copenhagen. He discovered the Bartholin’s glands, which lie at the opening to the vagina in a cow whilst working with fellow anatomist Joseph Guichard Duverney (1648-1730) in Paris. The glands can block and form cysts, which can become infected or, rarely, malignant.

BEHÇET (Behçet’s Syndrome)

Hulusi Behçet (1889 – 1948) was a Turkish dermatologist. He was also a specialist in venereal disease. He establishment of the first Turkish dermatology and venereology journal, the Turkish Archives of Dermatology and Syphilology and wrote a significant monograph on Syphilis and dermatology. He described Behçet’s Syndrome, a vasculitis which causes oral and genital ulcers.

BILHARZ (Bilharzia)

Theodor Maximilian Bilharz (1825 - 1862) was born in Germany and studied medicine at the University of Tübingen. In 1850, he travelled to Egypt and became Chief of Surgery at the Kasr El Aini Hospital of Cairo. In 1851, during an autopsy, he discovered the trematode worm, which causes schistosomiasis. Bilharz contracted typhoid fever on an expedition to Massawan and died in 1862, aged only 37. He is buried in Cairo ... more in the Junior Curator's Stamp Collection

BONNEY (Bonney's test)

Elevation of the bladder neck during vaginal examination reduces leakage of urine during coughing (used to diagnose stress incontinence). William Bonney (1872–1953) studied at Barts and The Middlesex Hospitals and was on the staff of the Royal Masonic Hospital and The Chelsea Hospital for Women. A highly skilled surgeon with an international reputation.

BOSNIAK (Bosniak classification of renal cysts)

In 1986, Morton Bosniak (1929 – 2016) published a classification of cystic lesions of the kidneys, based on findings on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). The classification has been widely adopted by imaging specialists and urologists to predict the risk of malignancy in renal cysts … more information

BOWEN (Bowen's disease)

John Templeton Bowen (1857 - 1940) was an American dermatologist. He qualified from Harvard Medical School and was Chief of Dermatology at Massachusetts General Hospital. Several conditions bear his name but Bowen's disease itself is carcinoma in situ of the penis.

BOWMAN (Bowman's capsule)

Sir William Bowman (1816 – 1892) was surgeon to Birmingham General Hospital. Elected FRS in 1841 and FRCS 1844, he won the Royal Medal of the Royal Society for his description of the Malpihgian body of the kidney. He proposed the theory of urine production by filtration of plasma. Described as the father of histology, in 1846, became surgeon to Moorfields Eye Hospital. An early proponent of the ophthalmoscope and the first in England to treat glaucoma by iridectomy (1862). Bowman's capsule is the epithelial lined "cup" surrounding the glomerulus in the kidney ... more information

BRICKER (Bricker uretero-ileal anastomosis)

Eugene Bricker (1908 – 2000) pioneered the incontinent ileal conduit where the ureters are implanted separately into the wall of the conduit … more information

BRÖDEL (Brödel’s line)

Max Brödel (1870 – 1941) was a medical illustrator and keen anatomist who described a relatively avascular line between the anterior & posterior segmental arteries of the kidney, which marks a safe entry point into the pelvicalyceal system, thereby reducing the risk of bleeding … more on Wikipedia

BUCK (Buck's fascia)

Gurdon Buck (1807 - 1877) was a pioneering military plastic surgeon during the American Civil War. He is known for being the first doctor to incorporate pre- and post-operative photographs into his publications, and he described the deep fibrous fascia of the penis that covers the cortpora cavernosa and the corpus spongiosum ... more on Wikipedia

BUSCHKE (Buschke-Lowenstein Tumour)

Abraham Buschke (1868 – 1943) was a German Dermatologist. He studied at Breslau, Berlin, and Greifswald. He was assisitant physician in Greifswald under Heinrich Helferich, in Breslau under Albert Neisser and in Berlin under Edmund Lesser. He became chief dermatologist at the Berlin Urban-Krankenhaus and then the Rudolf-Virchow-Krankenhaus. He described the Buschke-Lowenstein Tumour, anlong with Ludwig Lowensteinn in 1925; a large warty growth of the ano-genital area which is a pre-malignant lesion. Sadly, Buschke died in the Theresienstadt concentration camp in 1943.

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CALMETTE (Bacille Calmette–Guerin)

Leon Charles Albert Calmette (1863–1933) was a pupil of Pasteur in Paris, later becoming first director of the Pasteur Institute. Camille Guerin (1872 1961) was a veterinary surgeon at the Calmette Institute in Lille who, along with Calmette, developed BCG vaccine. BCG (Bacille Calmette–Guerin) is an attenuated TB bacillus used for immunotherapy of carcinoma in situ of bladder ... see also the Junior Curator's Stamp Collection.

CAMPER (Camper’s fascia)

Pieter Camper (1722–1789). Physician and anatomist in Leyden, The Netherlands. He described Camper’s fascia, a layer of fascia in the abdomen and inguinal region. Camper’s fascia is a thick, superficial layer of the anterior abdominal wall. It is superficial to the more membranous, inner layer, Scarpa's fascia. Camper's fascia is continuous inferiorly with the superficial fascia of the thigh. Medial and inferior to the pubic tubercle, it changes as it continues over the scrotum to form the dartos tunic ... more information

CANNY RYALL (Canny Ryall dilators)

Edwin Canny Ryall (1865 - 1934) was an Irish urologist who founded All Saints' Hospital. Canny Ryall's double-ended urethral dilators were later modified by Richard Turner Warwick. Among other instruments he introduced a very handy double ended retractor, still used today ... more information

CHARRIÈRE (Charrière [Ch] or French gauge [FG])

The Charrière system is a system of measurement for "sizing" catheters and stents. The number represents the circumference of the instrument in millimetres. Joseph Frédéric Benôit Charrière (1803 – 1876) was a famous Parisian master cutler and surgical instrument maker. Charrière was born in Cerniat in Switzerland but moved to Paris as an apprentice to a cutler. He soon became recognized as an excellent surgical instrument maker and became the personal instrument maker to Baron Dupuytren, chief surgeon of the Hotel Dieu Hospital.

CLUTTON (Clutton's sounds)

Hugh Henry Clutton (1850 - 1909) was an English surgeon. Clutton's sounds are graduated, metal, urethral dilators for the treatment of urethral stricture. The term sound stems from their use to feel for bladder stones, listening for the "sound" of the metal hitting the hard stone ... more information

COLLES (Colles' fascia)

Abraham Colles (1773–1843) was Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in Dublin. Colles's fascia is the deep inner layer of the subcutaneous, superficial fascia of the perineum, constituting a distinctive structure in the urogenital region. It is a strong, smooth sheet of tissue containing elastic fibers that give it a characteristic yellow tint ... more information on Wikipedia

COWPER (Cowper’s glands)

William Cowper (1666 – 1709) was an English surgeon & anatomist who  described the bulbourethral glands lying below the prostate gland in the male urogenital triangle which secrete pre-ejaculatory fluidmore on Wikipedia

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DEAVER (Deaver retractor)

John Blair Deaver (1855 - 1931) lived and worked in Pennsylvania (USA). He was Chief of surgery at the German Hospital, Philadelphia. He was a rough and ready, radical operator. His obituary describes him as a "slasher". He was a great teacher though, and an advocate of early operative intervention for appendicitis. His main field was abdominal surgery and his abdominal retractor remains in common use today. Often being held for long periods by the SHO it has spawned the phrase, "Death by Deaver"

DENONVILLIERS (Denonvilliers' fascia)

Charles Denonvilliers (1808–1872). Professor of Anatomy in Paris and, later, Professor of Surgery. Described the rectovesical fascia, although he called it the ‘‘aponevrose prostatoperitoneale’ ... more information

DORMIA (Dormia basket)

Enrico Dormia (1928 - 2009), Assistant Professor of Surgery, Milan described the Dormia basket in 1961 for extracting stones from the ureter ... more information

DOUGLAS (Pouch of Douglas)

James Douglas (1675–1742). Scottish anatomist and physician to Queen Caroline of Ansbach (wife of George II). He graduated from Edinburgh in 1694 and took his medical doctorate at Reims. He was an obstetrician or man-midwife and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1706. He mentored William Hunter who lived with him in London. His brother, John Douglas was a famous lithotomist. He described the pouch of Douglas (the rectouterine pouch in females or rectovesical pouch in males) ... more information

DUCKETT (Duckett's procedure)

John W Duckett (1936 - 1997) was a Paediatric Urologist at Philadelphia Children's Hospital who devised innovative approaches to hypospadias, urinary diversion, bladder dysfunction and hydronephrosis. He is best known for the Duckett procedure (a transverse preputial graft for proximal hypospadias) but he also popularised the MAGPI (meatoplasty & glanuloplasty incorporated) procedure for distal hypospadias ... more information

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ELLIK (Ellik evacuator)

Milo Ellik 1905 – 1976 was an American urologist who invented his evacuator for TURP chips whilst still a resident at the University of Iowa 

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FINOCHIETTO (Finochietto retractor)

Enrique Finochietto (1881 - 1948) was born in Buenos Aires. He won the Legion d'Honneur for his services to the Argentine Hospital in Paris during the First World War, and worked at the Rawson Hospital Buenos Aires. His ratcheted, thoracic retractor is useful during nephrectomy

FOLEY (Foley catheter)

Frederic Eugene Basil Foley (1891 - 1966) was an American urologist who described a self-retaining balloon catheter in 1929. He improved the design in the 1930s and incorporated an inflatable balloon towards the tip of the tube which could be inflated inside the bladder to retain the catheter without external taping or strapping. He demonstrated this to the American Urologists' Society in 1935 and published a paper in 1937. However, a patent was issued to Paul Raiche of the Davol Rubber Company in 1936. Foley also devised an eponymous Y-V plasty for PUJ obstruction, a hydraulic operating table, a rotatable resectoscope and the first artificial urinary sphincter ... more information

FOURNIER (Fournier's gangrene)

Jean Fournier (1832–1914) was Professor of Dermatology at Hôpital St Louis, Paris. He described a fulminating gangrene of the external genitalia and lower abdominal wall and also recognized the association between syphilis and tabes dorsalis ... more information ... see also the Junior Curator's Stamp Collection.

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GEROTA (Gerota’s fascia)

Dimitrie Gerota (1867–1939) was Professor of Surgery at the University of Bucharest, Romania. Gerota’s fascia (the renal fascia) is a fatty layer of connective tissue encapsulating the kidneys and the adrenal glands. The anterior layer is usually referred to as the fascia of Toldt, and the posterior layer as the fascia of Zuckerkandl ... more information

GLEASON (Gleason grading of prostate cancer)

Donald Gleason (1920 – 2008) was a pathologist who spent most of career with the Veterans’ Administration in Minneapolis. He described a histological system for grading prostate cancer that predicted prognosis and aided decisions about the need for treatment … more information in European Urology 

GUERIN (Bacille Calmette–Guerin)

Camille Guerin (1872 1961) was a veterinary surgeon at the Calmette Institute in Lille who, along with Calmette, developed BCG vaccine. Leon Charles Albert Calmette (1863–1933) was a pupil of Pasteur in Paris, later becoming first director of the Pasteur Institute. BCG (Bacille Calmette–Guerin) is an attenuated TB bacillus used for immunotherapy of carcinoma in situ of bladder.

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HENLE (Loop of Henle)

Friedrich Henle (1809–1885) was Professor of Anatomy in Zurich and Göttingen. The Loop of Henle is the U-shaped segment of the nephron between the proximal and distal convoluted tubules ... more information

HIPPOCRATES (Hippocratic oath)

Hippocrates (c. 460-377 BC) devoted a special book to the study of the urine and recognized at least four conditions of the urinary tract that could be evaluated by the nature and appearance of the urinary outflow ... more information

HOPKINS (Hopkins rod lens system)

Harold Horace Hopkins (1918–1994) was a British scientist and Professor of Optics at Reading University. He pioneered the use of fibreoptics and perfected the rod lens which, by reversing the glass and air spaces, greatly improved light transmission ... more information

HUNNER (Hunner’s ulcer)

Guy Hunner (1868–1957), Professor of Gynaecology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, USA. Hunner’s ulcers were found in the bladder in interstitial cystitis.

HYNES (Anderson - Hynes pyeloplasty)

See Anderson

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JABOULAY (Jaboulay procedure)

Mathieu Jaboulay (1860–1913), Professor of Surgery in Lyon. The Jaboulay procedure is an operation for hydrocele repair involving excision and folding back of the hydrocele sac.

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KEGEL (Kegel exercises)

Arnold Kegel (1894 – 1972) was an American gynaecologist who described exercises used to strengthen the pelvic floor in patients with stress urinary incontinence … more information on Wikipedia

KLINEFELTER (Klinefelter’s syndrome)

Harry Klinefelter (1912 - 1990) was Associate Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, USA. Klinefelter’s syndrome is male hypogonadism with an XXY chromosome complement ... more information

KOCHER (Kocherisation of the duodenum)

Emil Kocker (1841–1917) was Professor of Surgery at Berne University, Switzerland. A founder of modern surgery, he won the Nobel Prize in 1909 for his work on the physiology, pathology, and surgery of the thyroid gland. Kockerisation of the duodenum is the technique for mobilisation of the 2nd part of the duodenum. It is used in general surgery to gain access to the common bile duct and right hepatic artery, and in urology to expose the inferior vena cava and right renal vein during radical nephrectomy ... more information

KOCK (Kock pouch)

Nils Kock (1924 – 2011) was a Professor of Surgery who taught and practised at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He devised a heterotopic urinary diversion, constructed using a segment of ileum, which could be used as a catheterisable continent conduit following radical cystectomy ... more informaton on Wikipedia

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LAHEY (Lahey forceps)

Frank Howard Lahey (1880–1953). Head of Surgery, Lahey Clinic, Boston he died in the operating theatre of a myocardial infarction. Lahey forceps are fine, curved forceps which were originally designed for gall bladder surgery.

LITTLEWOOD (Littlewood's tissue holding forceps)

Harry Littlewood (1861 - 1921) Professor of Surgery at Leeds General Infirmary. Littlewood's forceps were designed for holding the skin edges of abdominal wounds... more information

LITTRÉ (Littré's glands)

Alexis Littré (1658-1726) was a French anatomist & surgeon who originally described small glands located in the mucosa of the anterior male urethra that probably secrete mucus. These glands have also been called Morgagni's glands ... more information from radiology sources

LORD (Lord's procedure)

Peter H Lord (1925 - 2017) was a Consultant General Surgeon at Wycombe General Hospital, High Wycombe, Bucks.  In 1964, whilst a Smith & Nephew Research Fellow at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, he described "a bloodless operation for the radical cure of idiopathic hydrocele" which involved incising and inverting the tunica vaginalis rather than removing it completely ... more information

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MAYO (Mayo scissors)

The Mayo brothers, William James Mayo (1861-1939) and Charles Horace Mayo (1865-1939) were the founders of the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. As well as attributing the Mayo family name to a pair of heavy scissors, it is also associated with needle holders and an instrument table ... more information

McINDOE (McIndoe scissors)

Sir Archibald McIndoe (1900-1960) was a New Zealand plastic surgeon, famous for operating on the burnt faces of World War II RAF pilots; his patients formed the "Guinea Pig Club" at East Grinstead Hospital in West Sussex ... more information

MORGAGNI (Hydatid of Morgagni; appendix testis)

Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682 - 1771) was an Italian anatomist who described a small appendage at the upper pole of the epididymis, a vestigial remnant of the Müllerian duct, which can twist and cause acute scrotal pain … more information on Wikipedia

MORRIS (Morris retractor)

Sir Henry Morris (1844 - 1926) a surgeon at the Middlesex Hospital, London and President of the Royal College of Surgeons. He had a special interest in surgical diseases of the urinary organs, and was the author of a book on "Surgical Diseases of Kidneys and Ureter" and another on the injuries and diseases of the genital and urinary organs. His Hunterian Lectures before the Royal College of Surgeons were devoted to the surgery of the kidney. The operation for nephro-lithotomy, or the removal of a calculus from an undilated kidney, was performed for the first time by Sir Henry Morris at the Middlesex Hospital ... more information

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NELSON (Nelson's scissors)

Henry Philbrick Nelson (1902 - 1936) was born in New Zealand but trained at Harrow, Gonville & Caius College Cambridge and Bart's. He was a thoracic surgeon working at the Brompton and the Papworth tuberculosis colony. He was also Assistant Surgeon to The London Hospital. Tragically, he died at the young age of 34 of streptococcal sepsis after cutting his finger during surgery. Nelson's scissors are long handled and are particularly useful in deep pelvic operations.

NESBIT (Nesbit procedure)

Reed Nesbit (1898 – 1979) was an American urologist. He was Head of the Urology Section at the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor. He described a technique of penile straightening (for erectile deformity) that involves a transverse excision of an ellipse of tunica albuginea on the convex side of the curvature, subsequently sutured  transversely to shorten the convex side & hence straighten the penis ... more information on Wikipedia

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OTIS (Otis urethrotome)

Fessenden Nott Otis (1825 - 1900) was an American urologist who calibrated the male urethra, confirming it was 32Ch gauge, thus allowing larger instruments to be developed. The Otis urethrotome is, basically, his "urethrometer" with a dorsal, cutting blade.

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PALOMO (Palomo procedure)

Alejandro Palomo was a Guatemalan urologist, born in 1917, who trained mostly in Amercia but returned to practice surgery in his native country. He described a suprapubic approach to ligate both the testicular artery & vein, whilst preserving the vasal and epidiymal vessels ... more about the history of varicocele surgery

PARTIN (Partin’s tables)

Developed by Alan Partin in 1993 in the Brady Urological Unit at Johns Hopkins, Partin’s tables use PSA, Gleason score & clinical stage to predict the outcome of radical surgery. Created from the follow-up of patients undergoing radical prostatectomy, the tables have been modified over the years to provide a greater degree of accuracy … more information

PEYRONIES (Peyronie's disease)

François Gigot de La Peyronie (1678–1747) was a French surgeon. He described a disease of penile curvature that takes his name, although, he may not have been the first to describe it ... more information

PHILLIPS (Phillips whips)

Charles Phillips (1811-1870 was born in Belgium but worked as a urologist in Paris. He devised filliform bougies with a screw thread to allow the connection of serial dilatators for urethral strictures ... more information

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RANDALL (Randall's plaques)

Alexander Randall (1883 - 1951), an American Surgeon at John's Hopkins and assistant to Hugh Hampton Young. became Professor of Urology at the University of Pennsylvania. Randall’s plaques are soft tissue calcifications found in the deep renal medulla, skirting the surface of the epithelium of the papilla, where they may act as nucleating elements for renal calculi or stones.

RETZIUS (Cave of Retzius; retropubic space)

Gustav Retzius (1842 – 1919) was a Swedish physician and anatomist who described the retropubic space, behind the pubic symphysis and in front of the bladder, which allows access to the bladder, prostate, lower ureters & proximal urethra without entering the peritoneal cavity … more information on Wikipedia

ROBERTS (Roberts arterial clamps)

James Ernest Helme Roberts (1881 - 1948) was a thoracic surgeon. He was born in West Bromwich in Staffordshire and trained at Barts. He worked at Barts and The Brompton Hospital. Roberts clamps (or forceps) are universally used throughout surgery as heavy vascular clamps.

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SCARPA (Scarpa’s fascia)

Antonio Scarpa (1747–1832) was Professor of Anatomy in Modena and Pavia. Scarpa’s fascia is the deep layer of the superficial fascia of the abdominal wall. It is deeper and more membranous than Camper’s Fascia and superficial to the external oblique muscle. It is prolonged on to the dorsum of the penis, forming the fundiform ligament; above, it is continuous with the superficial fascia over the rest of the trunk; below and laterally, it blends with the fascia lata of the thigh a little below the inguinal ligament; medially and below, it is continued over the penis and spermatic cord to the scrotum, where it helps to form the dartos. From the scrotum it may be traced backward into continuity with the deep layer of the superficial fascia of Colles ... more information

SERTOLI (Sertoli cells)

Enrico Sertoli (1842 – 1910) was an Italian polymath. In 1865, he described cells lying within the seminiferous tubules which provide a support function for germ cells as well as secreting hormones (inhibin, androgen-binding protein & other proteins e.g. transferrin)more information on Wikipedia

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THOMPSON (Thompson's lithotrite)

Sir Henry Thompson (1820 - 1904) was a Victorian polymath whose interests lay in many areas. As a urologist, he succeeded where others had failed in removing a bladder stone from Leopold, King of the Belgians.  He designed a "blind" lithotrite which he used for crushing bladder stones ... more information

THOMPSON (Thompson's prostatic punch)

Gershom J Thompson (1901 - 1975) was a urologist at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. He modified the "cold" punch which was used routinely by many urologists to resect an enlarged prostate.

TRENDELENBURG (Trendelenburg position)

Friedrich Trendelenburg (1844 – 1924) described an angled position where the patient is placed supine with their legs above the head, to facilitate surgery in the pelvis and lower abdomenmore information on Wikipedia

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VON HIPPLE-LINDAU (von Hippel–Lindau, or VHL, disease)

von Hippel–Lindau syndrome is a syndrome of multiple renal cancers. Eugen von Hippel (1867–1939) was an ophthalmologist in Berlin and, Arvid Lindau (1892 - 1958) a Swedish pathologist. In 1904, von Hippel described a rare disorder of the retina and, in 1911, discovered the anatomical basis of this disease, which he named "angiomatosis retinae". It was not until 1926 that the Swedish pathologist Arvid Lindau recognized an association between angiomatosis of the retina and hemangioblastomas of the cerebellum or other parts of the central nervous system. This condition is known today as the Von Hippel-Lindau Disease (VHL) and the genetic defects which cause VHL disease have been unravelled.

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WALLACE (Wallace uretero-ileal anastomosis)

David Wallace (193 – 1992) described a method of anastomosing both ureters together, in parallel, and then “capping” them to the proximal end of an incontinent ileal conduit … more on Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online

WARDILL (Wardill test)

William Edward Mandall Wardill (1894 - 1960) was a general surgeon/urologist as well as a renowned plastic surgeon with a particular interest in cleft palate repair. He practised, initially, in Newcastle-upon-Tyne where he introduced punch prostatectomy. With the introduction of the NHS in Britain, he gave up surgery and emigrated to South Africa to become a farmer but, after 4 years, returned to medicine as the Chair of Surgery in Baghdad. His test involved filling the bladder with irrigating fluid, after prostatic surgery, and applying firm suprapubic pressure in an attempt to generate a stream of urine from the penis. This was always taken as a measure of effective prostatic resection; several studies have now shown that it is not predictive of the ability to void after prostatectomy.

WILMS (Wilms tumour; nephroblastoma)

Max Wilms (1867 - 1918) was a German pathologist and surgeon, best known for his work on tumour cell development in the kidneys of children. The malignant nephroblastoma of the kidney is also known as a Wilms tumour. Tragically, he died at the age of 50, two days after contracting diphtheria whilst performing an emergency tracheostomy on a gravely ill, soldier with the disease ... more information on Wikipedia

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YOUNG (Young's retractors)

Hugh Hampton Young (1847 - 1945) was appointed Surgeon-in-Charge of the Genitourinary Surgery Division at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore in 1897. In 1904, he became the first surgeon to perform a radical prostatectomy, with curative intent, for cancer of the prostate. Unfortunately, his first prostatectomy, performed via the perineum, proved to be for a T4 prostate cancer. Six months after the surgery, the patient developed bladder stones, and died of sepsis a month after his stones were crushed transurethrally. Young developed several special instruments to help during perineal prostatectomy, including several types of retractor, to improve the surgeon's view of the prostate, and the Young's tractor, to tip the prostate into the surgical field and make it more accessible ... more information

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ZOON (Zoon's balanitis)

Johannes Jacobus Zoon (1902 - 1958) was Professor of Dermatology in the State University Hospital, Utrecht. In 1952, he described an inflammation of the foreskin characterised by dense infiltration with plasma cells (plasma cell balanitis). The condition, of unknown cause, is now widely known as Zoon's balanitis ... more information

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