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A History of 'instrument' in Urology:

Roman Catheter

1st Century AD

Double curved for males

Silver Catheters

19th Century AD

For dilating urethral strictures

Cruise Endoscope

1865

First successful endoscopic treatments

Thompson Catheters

19th Century AD

One of his many instruments

Hamilton Irvine Box

19th Century AD

Suprapubic drainage device

Brown-Buerger Cystoscope

1907

Single sheath; multiple instruments

Wolf Cystoscope

1940

Innovative angled viewing

Riches Cystoscope

1955

The first standardised cystoscope

Braasch Cystoscope

1904

Designed at the Mayo Clinic

Ringleb Cystoscope

1908

The best ever?

Koch Urethroscope

1899

Treatment of strictures

Freyer Evacuator

1880

Modification of Bigelow's extractor

Ellik Evacuator

1937

Still in use today

Thompson's Lithotrite

Blind surgery for bladder stones

Bistuary Cache

For opening a perineal wound

Gourget

For dilating the perineal wound

Heurteloup's Percussion Lithotrite

1793 - 1844

Hit it with a hammer ...

Civiale Lithotrite

1860

With lockable jaws

Thompson Blind Lithotrite

1890

Used by "feel" alone

Hendrickson Lithotriptor

1948

With scissor handles

Storz Nephroscope

1970

Hopkins rod lens system

Stern-McCarthy resectoscope

1932

Rack-and-pinion mechanism

Ogier-Ward resectoscope

1938

First "modern" resectoscope

Phillips' Whips

Graduated dilators for strictures

Maisonneuve Urethrotome

1855

Cuts strictures forward

Oberlander Dilator

Similar to today's Otis

Kollmann Dilators

With expanding blades

Clutton's Sounds

1890 - 1909

Still used in urological surgery

Lister's Sounds

Lollipop handles & olive tips

Holt Dilator

Aggressive stricture treatment

Riches Cystoscope with the Kidd's Ball

1957

First standardised telescope

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