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A History of Urology:

Celsian Method (Apparatus Minor)

Only two instruments needed

Thompson's Lithotrite

Blind surgery for bladder stones

Bistuary Cache

For opening a perineal wound

Gourget

For dilating the perineal wound

Phillips' Whips

Graduated dilators for strictures

Oberlander Dilator

Similar to today's Otis

Kollmann Dilators

With expanding blades

Lister's Sounds

Lollipop handles & olive tips

Holt Dilator

Aggressive stricture treatment

Stones

The history of lithotomy

Urethral Disease

Currently out of print

John Blandy Thanksgiving

St Giles' Cripplegate

Prehistory

60000BC - 3200BC

Magic, spirits & herbs

The Prehistoric Era

60000BC - 3200BC

Ancient Egypt

3200BC

Bilharzia & stones

A Brief History of The Flush Toilet

3000BC - 2016

From Neolithic to modern times

Ancient India

2800BC

Vedas & urethral strictures

Ancient China

2100BC - 100BC

Re-balancing yin and yang

Mayan Medicine

1800BC - 900

Religion, ritual & science

Mesopotamia

1700BC

A history on cuneiforms

Ancient Greece

1000BC

Hippocrates & his oath

Roman Medicine

753BC - 554

Influenced by Europe & Asia

Arabic Medicine

600BC - 1258

Major work in ophthalmology

Ancient Israel

260BC - 100

Hebrew medicine & the Bible

Julius Caesar

100BC - 44BC

Roman general, statesman, Consul and author

Roman Catheter

1st Century AD

Double curved for males

The Dark Ages

476 - 1060

Still poorly understood

Medieval Europe

500 - 1500

Galen and the four "humors"

Imperial China

900 - 1800

Taoist & Confucian ideals

Transurethral Bladder Stone Treatment

936 - 1928

From Ammonius to present day lasers

Black Death

1348 - 1350

Killed 6 out of 10 Londoners

Marian Method (Apparatus Major)

1520

Incontinence, fistula & impotence

Elizabeth I

1533 - 1603

The Virgin Queen

High Approach

1561 - 1723

Cheselden's forte

17th Century

1600 - 1699

Harvey to van Leeuwenhoek

Lateral Method

1600

As used by Frère Jacques

Thomas Hollier

1609 - 1690

Skilled lithotomist who operated on Samuel Pepys

François Gigot de La Peyronie

1678 - 1747

Founder of the French Royal Academy of Surgery

William Cheselden

1688 - 1752

Protagonist of suprapubic stone removal

18th Century

1700 - 1799

John Hunter & new hospitals

Peter Camper

1722 - 1789

The first comparative anatomist

Sir Thomas Molyneux Bt FRS

1723 - 1733

Professor of Physic in Dublin

George Cleghorn

1726 - 1789

Used quinine to treat malaria

Norfolk and Norwich Hospital

1771 - 2003

An early "stone" hospital

Heurteloup's Percussion Lithotrite

1793 - 1844

Hit it with a hammer ...

Silver Catheters

19th Century AD

For dilating urethral strictures

Thompson Catheters

19th Century AD

One of his many instruments

Hamilton Irvine Box

19th Century AD

Suprapubic drainage device

19th Century

1800 - 1899

"The age of agony"

Cystoscopy

1807

From candlelight to xenon & laser light

Charles Phillips

1811 - 1870

Belgian by birth but worked in Holland and France

Queen Victoria

1819 - 1901

Sir Henry Thompson

1820 - 1904

Extraordinary polymath and expert urethral stone surgeon

TURP (Transurethral resection of the prostate)

1830 - 1975

From Guthrie to HoLEP

Sir Francis Cruise

1834 - 1912

Performed the first successful endoscopic treatments

Interstitial Cystitis

1836

Bladder pain syndrome

Reginald Harrison

1837 - 1908

Expert in Bigelow's litholapaxy operation

Histoire de la Lithotritie

1839

Pioneer of barotrauma research

Arthur Fergusson McGill

1846 - 1890

Performed UK's first retropubic prostatectomy

Sir Peter Freyer

1852 - 1921

Popularised litholapaxy & transvesical prostatectomy

Frederick Swinford Edwards

1853 - 1939

Well known for his writings on rectal and urinary surgery

Maisonneuve Urethrotome

1855

Cuts strictures forward

Edwin Hurry Fenwick

1856 - 1944

One of the earliest adopters of the cystoscope

Edward Canny Ryall

1859 - 1934

Founder of All Saints Hospital

Joaquín María Albarrán y Domínguez

1860 - 1912

Cuban-born and nominated for a Nobel Prize in 1912

St Peter's Hospital for Stone London

1860 - 1992

Helped by an anonymous donation

Civiale Lithotrite

1860

With lockable jaws

Cruise Endoscope

1865

First successful endoscopic treatments

History of the Cystoscope

1865 - 2009

From Cruise to the present

Potain Aspirator

1869

Invented by a French Cardiologist

Dieulafoy Aspirator

1869

"A safe and practical method .... of tapping the bladder"

Hugh Hampton Young

1870 - 1945

Radical prostatectomist & "father of American urology"

Sir John Thomson-Walker

1871 - 1937

First urologist to perform retrograde ureterography

John Swift Joly

1876 - 1944

Irish-born surgeon with lifelong interest in stones

Edwin Beer

1876 - 1938

Pioneer in papillary bladder tumours

Frank Kidd

1878 - 1934

Co-founder of the British Journal of Urology in 1929

Bigelow Lithotrite

1878

Used for Litholapaxy

Freyer Evacuator

1880

Modification of Bigelow's extractor

Clifford Morson

1881 - 1975

Pioneered radiotherapy for cancer of the urinary tract

JB ("Jim") Macalpine

1882 - 1960

First to describe occupational bladder cancer in the UK

Harry Attwater

1885 - 1961

An expert in urethral strictures

Ronald Ogier Ward

1886 - 1971

Highly-decorated soldier and first President of BAUS

Sir Henry Thompson Bt.

1886 - 1904

Urologist & polymath

American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons

1886

The first urology association

Suprapubic Prostatectomy

1887 - 1920

First performed by McGill

Interstitial Cystitis

1887 - 1997

First described by Skene

Walter Galbraith

1889 - 1960

Adviser on the development of the NHS

Horace Winsbury-White

1889 - 1962

Co-founder of the British Journal of Urology

Cuthbert Dukes

1890 - 1976

Known for his classification of cancer of the rectum

Thompson Blind Lithotrite

1890

Used by "feel" alone

Clutton's Sounds

1890 - 1909

Still used in urological surgery

1894 International Medical Congress Medal

1894

Congress held in Rome

RHOB ("Joey") Robinson

1896 - 1973

A founder member and, later, President of BAUS

Sir Eric Riches

1897 - 1987

Described a popular new cystoscope and attachments

St Paul's Hospital London

1898 - 1992

Initially in Red Lion Square

Arthur Jacobs

1899 - 1974

Widely recognised as "the father of urology in Glasgow"

Koch Urethroscope

1899

Treatment of strictures

David Band

1901 - 1988

An original, founder member of the Council of BAUS

American Urological Association

1902

Founded in 1902

Terence Millin

1903 - 1980

Expert in retropubic prostatectomy & TURP

Thomas Chapman

1903 - 1966

Early advocate of the prostatic punch

Radical Prostatectomy

1904 - 1945

Popularised by Hugh Hampton Young

Braasch Cystoscope

1904

Designed at the Mayo Clinic

Retroperitoneal Fibrosis

1905

Chronic periaortitis; Ormond's disease

Sir Henry Morris

1906 - 1926

Cancer surgeon & urologist

Clifford Morson (1906)

1906 - 1975

Radiotherapy pioneer

Société Internationale d’Urologie

1907

Brainchild of Felix Guyon

Brown-Buerger Cystoscope

1907

Single sheath; multiple instruments

Willie Mack

1908 - 1970

An expert in male infertility and renal tuberculosis

Ringleb Cystoscope

1908

The best ever?

1909 International Medical Congress Medal

1909

16th Congress, held in Budapest

Frank Seymour Kidd

1910 - 1934

Founder of the GU Dept at The London Hospital

Richard A Mogg

1911 - 1980

VRD, MCh, FRCS

All Saints' Hospital London

1911 - 1986

Founded by Edward Canny Ryall

Medals of Ronald Ogier Ward

1912 - 1945

First President of BAUS

Medals of Sir Eric Riches

1915 - 1945

Awarded the Military Cross for bravery

Battle of the Somme

1916

60,000 lost on the first day

A Brief History of The Male Urinal

1917 - 2016

From Duchamp to present times

Sir Peter Freyer KCB

1917 - 1921

Lithotomist & prostatectomist

John Barrett's Victoria Cross

1918

Leicester Urologist who won the VC

David Innes Williams

1919 - 2013

BAUS President

Young Urethroscope

1919

Designed by Hugh Hampton Young

Holborn Aero-Urethroscope

1919

Won the 1913 Grand Prix & Gold Medal

Sir David Innes Williams

1919 - 2013

MD, MChir, FRCS

St Phillip's Hospital London

1920 - 1992

Institution for venereal disease

Richard Turner-Warwick

1925

DSc, DM, MCh, FRCP, FRCS, FACS, FRACS Hon

E Canny Ryall

1926 - 1934

Britain's first endourologist

John Blandy

1927 - 2011

MA, DM, FRCS, FACS

John Wickham

1929 - 2017

A "godfather" of robotic surgery

Mr John Wickham

1929 - 2017

Millin Resectoscope

1930 - 1980

Based on the Stern-Davies-McCarthy model

Stern-McCarthy Resectoscope

1932

Rack-and-pinion mechanism

TURP

1932 - 2005

Reed Nesbit & John Blandy

Chevassu Medal

1933

French Urologist with an interest in testicular cancer

Ellik Evacuator

1937

Still in use today

William F Hendry

1938 - 2012

MD, ChM, FRCS

Ogier-Ward Resectoscope

1938

First "modern" resectoscope

World War II Begins

1939 - 1945

Hitler invades Poland

World War II Ends

1939 - 1945

Hitler dies and Japan surrenders

Wolf Cystoscope

1940

Innovative angled viewing

Valentine Urethroscope

1940 - 1945

A later model of an 1899 invention

Nephroscopy & PCNL

1941 - 1981

Re-discovered in the 1970s

The Birth of BAUS

1945 - 2016

Cold War

1945 - 1990

Cuba, Vietnam, Hungary & the Berlin Wall

Open Prostatic Surgery

1945 - 1989

The career of Terence Millin

Ronald Ogier Ward DSO OBE MC

1945 - 1971

First President of BAUS

Training & Academic Urology

1946

An issue since 1946

Clifford Morson (1946)

1946 - 1975

Radiotherapy pioneer

Jim Macalpine

1947 - 1960

Described occupational bladder cancer

The AAGUS Mallet (or Gavel)

1947

A gift from the AAGS

Eric Riches' BAUS 1947 Album

1947

Dedicated to Willie Mack

Urological Club of Great Britain & Ireland

1948 - 2015

Teaching Hospital urologists

Hendrickson Lithotriptor

1948

With scissor handles

Retroperitoneal Fibrosis

1948 - 1984

Key publications

The British Journal of Urology

1949

Flagship of BAUS

Punch Club

1949

Founded by early prostate endoscopists

Walter W Galbraith

1949 - 1960

Astute medical politician

Cheselden Medal

1949

A gift from Sir Eric Riches

1949 SIU Congress Medal

1949

8th Congress in Barcelona

The Prostatic Punch Procedure

1950 - 1977

Originated by Young in the USA

Sir Eric W Riches

1951 - 1987

Designer of an integrated cystoscope

1952 SIU Congress Medal

1952

9th Congress in New York

John B Anderson

1953 - 2013

Elected President for 2012-14, Unable to accede due to ill health

Terence John Millin

1953 - 1980

Expert in retropubic prostatectomy

Riches Cystoscope

1955

The first standardised cystoscope

RHOB Robinson

1955 - 1973

Founder member of BAUS

SIU President's Medal

1955 - 1961

Presented to Clifford Morson

Riches Cystoscope with the Kidd's Ball

1957

First standardised telescope

Arthur H Jacobs

1957 - 1974

Father of urology in Glasgow

1958 SIU Congress Medal

1958

11th Congress in Stockholm

Lasers

1960 - 2016

First proposed by Einstein in 1917

Leslie Pyrah

1961 - 1963

CBE, ChM, FRCS

Ferdinand C Valentine Medal

1962

Awarded by the New York Academy of Medicine

Victor W Dix

1963 - 1965

FRCS

Dennis S Poole-Wilson

1965 - 1967

CBE, MCh, FRCS

Alec Badenoch

1967 - 1969

MD, FRCS

John D Fergusson

1970 - 1972

MD, FRCS

Storz Nephroscope

1970

Hopkins rod lens system

1970's Canterbury Tales Medal

1970 - 1979

Chaucer's Physician

Howard Hanley

1972 - 1974

MD, FRCS, FACS

The History of Urology

1972

The "Bible" for history

European Association of Urology

1973

Founded in 1973

Urology - A View Through The Retrospectoscope

1973

Labour of love by John Herman

John P Mitchell

1978 - 1980

TD, MS, FRCS, FRCSEd

W Keith Yeates

1980 - 1982

MD, MS, FRCS

Kenneth ED Shuttleworth

1982 - 1984

MS FRCS

Geoffrey D Chisholm

1986 - 1988

ChM, FRCS, FRCSEd

The Canadian Mallet (or Gavel)

1986

A gift from the President of the CAU

Tourist Attractions & Anatomical Graphics

1989 - 2019

By Robert Whitaker

Robert E Williams

1990 - 1992

MD, ChM, FRCSEd, FRCS

Joseph C Smith

1992 - 1994

MS, FRCS

Michael Handley Ashken

1994 - 1996

MS, FRCS

The BAUS Coat of Arms

1994

Devised by the York Herald

1995 Portuguese Urological Association Medal

1995

Issued at the 1995 meeting

1995 Polish Urological Association Medal

1995

The 25th Annual Meeting in Gdansk

R Fletcher Deane

1998 - 2000

FRCSEd, FRCSGlas